President Barham Salih described the tragedy as a “wound for the entire nation,” whereas Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi introduced an investigation, declared three days of nationwide mourning and suspended prime well being officers.
Iraq is within the worst part of its coronavirus pandemic, averaging round 8,000 new circumstances every day because the well being system struggles to manage. The nation’s human rights fee mentioned that 28 of the sufferers killed within the fireplace had been on life help when the smoke and flames reached their ward.
Video surveillance footage confirmed a determined scramble to save lots of lives. Hospital employees dived into the blazing ward to tug out sufferers. Native residents joined rescue efforts via the night time, utilizing mild from their cellphones to light up the wreckage.
All through the pandemic, Iraq’s Well being Ministry has centered its public pronouncements on the variety of new intensive care beds and ventilators that it says it has procured to ease pressure on the system.
However it has finished little to enhance current infrastructure, and medical doctors have feared for the sufferers they deal with in run-down wards the place electrical energy cables have at instances sparked visibly from the ceilings. In 2019, Iraq allotted simply 2.5 % of its $106.5 billion finances to its Well being Ministry.
Preliminary studies advised that Saturday’s fireplace emanated from a pile of haphazardly saved oxygen cylinders, which turned the intensive care ward into an inferno. The hospital has no sprinklers or smoke detectors, mentioned Maj. Gen. Kadhim Bohan, a spokesman for Iraq’s civil protection pressure, including that the blaze unfold sooner as a result of the false ceilings have been flammable.
He mentioned his group had repeatedly advisable that authorities buildings undertake higher security precautions. “Nobody is listening,” Bohan mentioned.
Medical employees at Ibn al-Khatib hospital mentioned the fireplace might simply have occurred in another authorities hospital. “All of them have the identical ceilings, the identical defective electrical wires,” mentioned one physician, talking on the situation of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the problem. “There’s no fire-escape plan, no fireplace extinguishers.”
The Well being Ministry had issued no assertion on the deaths as of Sunday and didn’t reply to requests for remark.
Kadhimi assumed workplace final 12 months on a reformist platform, promising to sort out corruption and vested political pursuits. He has made little progress: Iraq’s political system is structured in a approach that leaves the prime minister depending on the identical powers that critics blame for the rampant corruption that’s corroding Iraqi establishments.
Talking at an emergency assembly on the headquarters of Baghdad Operations Command, a coordinating physique for Iraq’s safety forces, the prime minister described Saturday’s fireplace as a product of “negligence.”
Kadhimi introduced an investigation and suspended the director common of jap Baghdad’s well being division, which is answerable for Ibn al-Khatib hospital, in addition to the power’s head and director of engineering and upkeep.
Well being Minister Hassan al-Tamimi additionally was suspended. However his future remained unclear. Tamimi is backed by influential Shiite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, a key participant in Iraq’s political system.
In an announcement, Sadr appeared to counsel that the blast might need been a part of a deliberate effort to undermine his occasion forward of elections scheduled for October. He mentioned the prime minister ought to take away Tamimi from his put up ought to he be discovered at fault.
As the size of the destruction on the hospital turned clear Sunday, overseas diplomats issued condolences to the households of the victims. The highest United Nations official in Iraq, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, expressed “shock and ache.”
“The Particular Consultant requires stronger safety measures to make sure that such a catastrophe can’t reoccur,” her assertion learn.
Salih, the president, mentioned the fireplace was a results of “the collected destruction of state establishments on account of corruption and mismanagement.”
“Exhibiting ache and sympathy with our martyrs and injured sons isn’t sufficient with out strenuous accountability for the negligent, and with out conducting a complete and critical overview,” he mentioned.
At Ibn al-Khatib, there was little hope that issues will enhance.
“The entire system is damaged,” the physician who spoke on the situation of anonymity mentioned. “I’m a physician, and I’m critical after I say that individuals ought to die of their properties as an alternative of right here. At the least they’ll be … in a single piece.”