Right here’s what to learn about Philip’s life and legacy.
Who was Prince Philip?
Prince Philip was married for greater than seven many years to Elizabeth. He was born into the Greek royal household, with royal roots connecting him to the monarchies of Denmark, Germany, Russia and Britain.
He and Elizabeth shared the identical great-great grandmother.
Philip’s preliminary years had been tumultuous: Quickly after his delivery, his household fled Greece following dying threats in opposition to his father, King Andrew. As a toddler he hung out at boarding colleges in England and Germany, the place his sisters settled, each marrying German princes and becoming a member of the Nazi occasion.
A former British naval officer, Philip married Elizabeth in 1947. They met in 1939, when she was 13 and he 17. On the time of their marriage, he was seen as dashing, charismatic and a breath of recent air for Britain’s centuries-old monarchy. He was granted the title of Duke of Edinburgh.
When Elizabeth was coronated in 1953, a kneeling Philip pledged to be her “liegeman,” or trustworthy servant, for all times. He saved that promise, changing into the longest-serving royal consort in British historical past.
Philip was referred to as an energetic outdoorsman and promoted youth health. Biographers have described him as devoted to the queen however having an alpha male persona. He expressed frustration with the necessity to surrender his navy service after Elizabeth grew to become queen.
His public look was additionally outlined by repeated gaffes and racist, sexist and classist remarks over the many years. He had a contentious relationship with Britain’s tabloid press.
In recent times, controversies over his legacy, corresponding to rumors of infidelity, had been revived by the use of the hit Netflix present on the queen’s reign, “The Crown.”
He and Elizabeth had 4 kids — Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew and Prince Edward — and eight grandchildren.
What’s going to the funeral be like and who will attend?
Philip “handed away peacefully” at Windsor Fortress, in accordance with a press release on the Buckingham palace web site. He and the queen had spent the pandemic at Windsor Fortress, largely out of the general public’s sight. On Saturday, flags remained lowered throughout Britain. The royal employees wearing black.
On Saturday, Buckingham Palace introduced that the funeral could be held at Windsor Fortress on April 17. It can simply be a personal household perform.
“It will likely be what’s referred to as a ceremonial royal funeral,” a Buckingham Palace spokesman mentioned. “The plans for the funeral are very a lot consistent with the Duke of Edinburgh’s personal private needs.”
The palace additionally mentioned that Prince Harry will fly in from California, however that his spouse, Meghan Markle, who’s pregnant, won’t journey with him, per her physician’s orders.
“The Duke of Sussex is planning to attend,” a Buckingham Palace spokesman mentioned. “The Duchess of Sussex has been suggested by her doctor to not journey.”
England’s present guidelines restrict funeral attendance to 30 and require social distancing and face masks. Vacationers from overseas are required to quarantine and check detrimental for covid.
The palace mentioned the funeral will adjust to all coronavirus-related restrictions.
Plans had beforehand been drawn up for the prince’s funeral, although they now should be tailor-made to fulfill Britain’s coronavirus-related restrictions. Britain simply emerged from its third lockdown and enormous gatherings are banned. Ordinarily, giant crowds would flock to London to attend the royal ceremony.
As an alternative, in accordance with the School of Arms, which is concerned with the funeral plans, Philip won’t have a state funeral or lie in state at Westminster Palace.
“His Royal Highness’s physique will lie at relaxation in Windsor Fortress forward of the funeral in St George’s Chapel. That is consistent with customized and with His Royal Highness’s needs,” the School of Arms mentioned in a press release Friday, Reuters reported.
“The funeral preparations have been revised in view of the prevailing circumstances arising from the covid-19 pandemic and it’s regretfully requested that members of the general public don’t try and attend or take part in any of the occasions that make up the funeral.”
The prince, earlier than his passing, has mentioned he didn’t need a big funeral or a number of the different formal ceremonies afforded to sure members of the royal household.
Buckingham Palace launched a press release requesting that crowds not collect in mild of the pandemic. As an alternative of leaving flowers, as is customary , it urged mourners donate to a charity or signal a web-based ebook of condolences.
What occurs to the title of Duke of Edinburgh?
The title “Duke of Edinburgh” seems set to cross to Philip’s youngest son, Edward, the Earl of Wessex, who’s the one little one of the reigning monarch to not maintain a dukedom.
However the matter will not be fairly so easy.
Charles, because the eldest of the siblings and inheritor to the throne, might have been set to inherit the title. However in 1999, Buckingham palace introduced that Edward would sooner or later take it.
Edward is unlikely to obtain the title till after the queen’s dying, when Prince Charles turns into King. When a royal turns into a monarch, different titles they maintain merge with the crown, leaving room for them to be regranted.
For now, the well being of Elizabeth stays of best consequence for Windsor Fortress. When she passes away, 72-year-old Charles will take the reins.
What had been a few of Philip’s public controversies?
Whereas Britain’s queen targeted on duties at house, Philip was usually despatched to tour overseas, together with on journeys to the 16 nations that stay a part of Britain’s commonwealth. In whole, he carried out 22,191 solo engagements, went on 637 abroad visits and gave 5,493 speeches, in accordance with Buckingham Palace.
Although lots of his public appearances had been nicely acquired, through the years he additionally made plenty of memorable, insensitive feedback, usually exhibiting little regret afterward.
In 1986, for instance, on a tour of Beijing, he referred to as the town “ghastly” and instructed a British pupil he may find yourself “slitty-eyed.” He later mentioned it was a misquoted joke, and that he had actually mentioned “slit-eyed.”
Different obvious makes an attempt at jokes had been additionally poorly acquired. He as soon as remarked to a feminine solicitor (or lawyer), “I assumed it was in opposition to the regulation nowadays for a girl to solicit.” In one other case he instructed a blind lady accompanied by a information canine, “Are you aware they’ve consuming canine for the anorexic now?”
Philip reportedly requested a driving teacher in Scotland, “How do you retain the natives off the booze lengthy sufficient to cross the check?”
In 2019, at age 97, the prince surrendered his license after he crashed his SUV right into a automotive carrying three others, amongst them a 9-month-old.
The queen was reportedly a fan of a lot of his humor — although additionally examined by it.
“You’ll be able to take it from me, that the queen has the standard of tolerance in abundance,” he mentioned in a speech as soon as. Elizabeth reportedly replied with a slight smile.
This report has been up to date. Jennifer Hassan, William Sales space, and Karla Adam contributed reporting from London.