4 min learn
Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their very own.
2020 was essentially the most energetic yr for preliminary public choices (IPOs) because the Nineteen Nineties, in keeping with FactSet. Practically 500 conventional and Particular Goal Acquisition Firm (SPAC) IPOs raised greater than $170 billion. Evaluation by iCapital Community reveals that the market capitalization of the typical unicorn that went public in 2020 was greater than double its earlier valuation on the personal markets.
This wave of IPO exercise is predicted to proceed into 2021, and the potential features in share worth earlier than or after an organization goes public might lead to windfalls with important tax implications for entrepreneurs, executives and early workers. Promoting extremely appreciated inventory might trigger you to face substantial capital features taxes.
One possibility to assist reduce the tax burden is to donate a few of your shares — both throughout or after the lock-up interval — to charity. Many charities settle for direct items of publicly traded shares and donor-advised funds, that are 501(c)(3) public charities, sometimes have the assets and experience for evaluating, receiving, processing and liquidating each publicly traded shares and personal enterprise pursuits. And by contributing a few of these shares straight, it’s possible you’ll not solely handle among the tax concerns of an IPO windfall occasion, however it’s possible you’ll obtain most philanthropic impression on the charities and causes you help.
There are two tax advantages related to a present of IPO inventory. When you itemize deductions in your return and make a inventory donation, it’s possible you’ll declare a good market worth charitable deduction for the tax yr wherein the present is made. Moreover, you’ll be able to probably remove the capital features tax you’ll have in any other case owed when you bought the inventory your self and donated the money proceeds. This may imply as much as 20% extra that’s obtainable to help your favourite charities and causes.
This hypothetical case examine with Sarah, an early worker at, say, ABC tech startup, illustrates the advantages. Sarah’s incentive inventory choices, which she exercised a number of years in the past, have seen important appreciation because the firm’s IPO just a few months in the past. Now that the lock-up interval is expiring, Sarah plans to donate a few of her appreciated inventory to her favourite charities this yr.
Picture Credit score: Schwab Charitable
This hypothetical instance is just for illustrative functions. The instance doesn’t consider any state or native taxes or the Medicare internet funding earnings surtax. The tax financial savings proven is the tax deduction, multiplied by the donor’s earnings tax price (37% on this instance), minus the long-term capital features taxes paid.
Choice 1, as outlined above imagines that Sarah bought the inventory, paid federal capital features taxes and donated the web proceeds.
In possibility 2, Sarah items her inventory on to a public working charity or donor-advised fund. On this state of affairs, Sarah could possibly remove capital features taxes, and could also be eligible for a present yr earnings tax deduction for the total truthful market worth of her inventory, which leaves her with extra for charity and bigger tax financial savings.
Along with the potential tax advantages described above, the next concerns might apply.
1. Donate long-term held shares with excessive appreciation.
Incentive inventory choices for donated IPO shares will need to have been held a couple of yr from train date and two years from grant date. The shares also needs to have appreciated in worth to appreciate the utmost tax advantages.
2. Keep away from prearranged gross sales.
Any association that may require a donor-advised fund or different public charity to promote the inventory upon receipt ought to be averted. This sort of “prearranged sale” might not carry the identical tax advantages.
3. Be conscious of lock-up restrictions.
The issuer’s counsel determines if and in what method IPO inventory could also be donated throughout a lock-up interval. Any restrictions that materially have an effect on the worth of the shares or stop the shares from being freely traded might require a certified appraisal to substantiate the truthful market worth, and such restrictions might result in valuation reductions. Make sure you seek the advice of along with your company counsel and the donor-advised fund or different public charity when donating IPO inventory.
Associated: These Are the Ten Main IPOs To Watch For in 2021
4. Think about whether or not Rule 144 legend and affiliate restrictions apply.
If the IPO inventory is restricted by legend or owned by an officer, director, or 10% shareholder, then the corporate’s basic counsel should give permission to donate the inventory. As a basic rule, restricted inventory have to be bought in accordance with Securities Act Rule 144.
Evaluate this infographic to be taught extra about donating IPO inventory and different appreciated non-cash belongings to probably maximize your tax financial savings and your impression on favourite charities.